Virtues of the Night of Mid-Sha’ban

Virtues of the Night of Mid-Sha’ban

(i.e. Laylatul Bar’ah, Nisf as-Sha’ban)


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Imam Shafi`i (r) said:

• It is related: “There are five nights, in which the du`ais not turned back: the first night of Rajab, the Night of mid-Sha`ban, the night of Jumu`ah, the Night of [Eid] al-Fitr, the Night of an-Nahr [Eid al-Adha].”


Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali in his Lata’if al-Ma’arif says:

• As for the Night of Mid-Sha`ban, the Tabi`eenin Sham, like Khalid ibn Ma`dan, Makhul, Luqman ibn `Amir, and others, used to honor this night and strive hard in their worship in it. It is from them that the people learned the virtue of this night and learned to honor it.


It is reported from Sayyīdunā `Ali (r) that the Prophet (s) said:

• “Let all of you spend the night of mid-Sha`bān in worship (i.e. partly) and its day in fasting. For verily in it, Allah descends to the nearest heaven during this night, beginning with sunset, and says: Is there no one asking forgiveness that I may forgive them? Is there no one asking sustenance that I may grant them sustenance? Is there no one under trial that I may relieve them? Is there not such-and-such, is there not such-and-such, and so forth until until dawn rises. [Narrated by `Abd al-Razzāq and Ibn Mājah].


The Prophet (s) is reported as saying:

• Jibreel (as) came to me on the night of mid-Sha`bān and said to me: “O Muhammad, raise your head heavenwards!” I asked him: “What night is this?” and he replied: “This is the night when Allah (Glorified is He) opens three hundred of the gates of mercy, forgiving all who do not make anything His partner.”


Ummul-Mu’mineen `Aishah, (r), is reported to have said:

• “It was my night with the Prophet of Allah (s) and he went to bed until I slept, then he got up and I did not find him. I got up and found him praying, with a short standing and then bowing and then he prostrated in a very long sajdahuntil half the night was over, then he stood for the second raka`t, then he bowed, then he prostrated until Fajr was nearly on us, until I feared that he had passed away. Then I put my hand on his feet, and he moved and praised Allah the Exalted and I heard him say, “I prostrated to You [for the length] of the darkness, and my heart has become full of trust in You so forgive the tremendous sin, for truly no one forgives the tremendous sin except the Tremendous Lord. I seek refuge of Your pleasure from Your anger, Your pardon from Your punishment and I seek refuge in You from Yourself. I cannot praise You as fully as You praised Yourself.’ Thereafter, when he completed his prayerhe said to me: ‘Do you know which night is this, O `Aishah?’ I said, ‘no.’ He said, ‘This is the night of mid-Sha`bān. Allah Almighty looks upon His slaves in the the night of mid-Sha`bān and forgives those who seek forgiveness and bestows His mercy upon those who pray for mercy but keeps those who have malice as they were before.’


`Aisha (r) related that the Prophet (s) said:

• “When it is the night of mid-Sha`bān Allah looks upon His slaves, then He forgives those seeking forgiveness and sends His mercy to those imploring mercy and He leaves the resentful to their resentment as they are.” [At-Tabarani in his Kabir.]


The Prophet (s) said:

• Allah Almighty looks upon His slaves night of the mid-Sha`bān and forgives His servants (or those who are involved in worship) except for two [types]: someone who bears malice and a murderer.’” [Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnadand at-Tirmidhi.]

The Invocation of the Night of mid-Sha`ban


هذا الدعاء ما علمنا عن أصله أنه ذكر، أو بعضه قد ورد على لسان بعض الصحابة والتابعين الصالحين، قال الألوسي في تفسيره:

أخرج بن أبي شيبة في المصنف وغيره عن ابن مسعود – رضي الله عنه- قال: ما دعا عبد قط بهذه الدعوات إلا وسع الله عليه في معيشته: “يا ذا المن ولا يمن عليه، يا ذا الجلال والإكرام، يا ذا الطول، لا إله إلا أنت، ظهر اللاجئين وجار المستجيرين، ومأمن الخائفين، إن كنت كتبتني عندك في أم الكتاب شقيًّا فامح عني اسم الشقاوة، وأثبتني عندك سعيدًا، وإن كنت كتبتني عندك في أم الكتاب محرومًا مقترًا عليَّ رزقي، فامح حرماني، ويسر رزقي، وأثبتني عندك سعيدًا موفقًا للخير، فإنك تقول في كتابك الذي أنزلت: ﴿يَمْحُو اللَّهُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَيُثْبِتُ وَعِنْدَهُ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ﴾،


Al-Alūsī in his Tafsīr relates from ibn Abī Shayba in his Musannaf from Ibn Mas`ūd, “Never did a servant invokes Allah with this invocation except that Allah will widen for him his living:”


O God, Tireless Owner of Bounty. O Owner of Sublimity, Honor, Power, and Blessings. There is no god except You, the Support of refugees and Neighbor of those who seek nearness, Guardian of the fearful. O God, if you have written in Your Book that I be miserable, then erase O God, my misery, and establish me with You as happy. O God, if you have written in Your Book that I be cut off from bounty, then erase O God, my cutting off, and make easy for me my provision, and establish me in Your Presence happy, supported in goodness and prosperity, for surely You have said in the Book You Revealed, “God blots out or confirms what He pleases, and with Him is the Mother of Books.” (13:39)

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